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Menstrual Cups vs Discs: Which One Is Right For You?

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As a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist with over 15 years of experience, I have seen a growing interest among my patients in alternative menstrual products, particularly menstrual cups and discs. These products offer a more sustainable, cost-effective, and potentially more comfortable solution compared to traditional pads and tampons.

However, with the increasing popularity of both menstrual cups and discs, many women find themselves unsure about which product to choose. In this article, I will provide a comprehensive comparison of menstrual cups and discs, helping you make an informed decision based on your individual needs and preferences.

Key takeaways:

Menstrual cups and discs are both reusable period products that collect menstrual blood, offering a more eco-friendly and cost-effective alternative to pads and tampons.
The main difference between menstrual cups and discs lies in their shape, placement, and removal process.
Menstrual cups are bell-shaped and create a suction seal in the vaginal canal, while menstrual discs are flatter and sit higher up, just below the cervix.
Both products have their pros and cons, and the choice ultimately depends on factors such as comfort, ease of use, and personal preferences.
It may take some trial and error to find the perfect fit, but both menstrual cups and discs are safe and effective options for managing menstrual flow.

    Benefits Of Using A Menstrual Cup Or Menstrual Disc

    Menstrual Disc Vs Menstrual Cup

    Reusable menstrual cups and discs significantly reduce waste compared to disposable pads and tampons.

    Although the initial investment may be higher, menstrual cups and discs can last for years, saving you money in the long run.

    Menstrual cups and discs can be worn for up to 12 hours, depending on your flow, reducing the frequency of changes throughout the day.

    Many users report feeling more comfortable and less aware of their period when using a menstrual cup or disc compared to pads or tampons.

    Menstrual cups and discs are made from body-safe materials and do not disrupt the natural pH balance of the vagina[Sourced from WebMD], reducing the risk of irritation and infection.

    Menstrual Cup vs. Menstrual Disc: What’s the Difference?

    Menstrual cups are bell-shaped silicone or rubber containers that are inserted into the vaginal canal, creating a suction seal to collect menstrual blood. They sit lower in the vagina than menstrual discs and are removed by pinching the base to release the suction and pulling them out.

    Menstrual discs, on the other hand, are flatter and wider than cups. They sit higher up in the vagina, just below the cervix, and do not rely on suction to stay in place. Instead, they are held in place by the vaginal fornix. You hook your finger under the rim to remove a disc and pull it out.

    Menstrual Cup vs. Disc: The Ultimate Comparison Table

    FeatureMenstrual CupMenstrual Disc
    Wear Time10-12 hours10-12 hours
    Exercise FriendlyYesYes
    Mess-Free RemovalMost timesSometimes
    Sex During WearNoYes
    Suitable for OvernightYesYes
    Beginner-FriendlyYesLearning curve
    ReusableYesSome brands
    Eco-FriendlyYesSome brands

    The Pros And Cons Of Menstrual Cup vs. Menstrual Disc


    • Easier to insert and remove for beginners
    • Less messy removal process
    • Wider range of sizes and firmness options available
    • More brands and product choices


    • May require trial and error to find the perfect fit
    • Can be difficult to master the folding and insertion technique initially
    • Not suitable for use during intercourse


      • Suitable for use during intercourse
      • Can auto-dump during bowel movements, extending wear time
      • One size fits most, reducing the need for trial and error
      • Removal doesn’t require breaking the suction seal


      • Insertion and removal can be messier compared to cups
      • Fewer brands and product options are available
      • May be more challenging for beginners to insert and position correctly

      Menstrual Disc vs. Cup: Which Is Better? (Medically Reviewed)

      As a medical professional, I believe that there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. The choice between a menstrual cup and a disc depends on individual anatomy, comfort level, and personal preferences. Both products are safe and effective when used correctly and have been shown to have minimal risk of complications such as toxic shock syndrome[Source: NIH] or infections.

      It’s essential to consider factors such as your menstrual flow, cervix height, and comfort with your body when deciding between a cup and a disc. If you have a high cervix and are comfortable reaching inside your vagina, a menstrual disc may be a good option. If you prefer a more straightforward insertion and removal process and have a lower cervix, a menstrual cup might be the better choice.

      Related: How Often Should I Change My Tampon For Comfort And Safety

      Menstrual Cups vs. Discs For Beginners: Making the Right Decision

      For those new to reusable menstrual products, I generally recommend starting with a menstrual cup. Cups have a more straightforward insertion and removal process, and the variety of sizes and firmness options available make it easier to find a comfortable fit. It’s crucial to choose a cup based on your menstrual flow, cervix height, and age, as these factors can influence the size and shape of the cup that will work best for you.

      If you feel comfortable with your body and are interested in exploring menstrual discs, I suggest trying a disposable option first, such as the Flex Disc or Softdisc. This allows you to get a feel for the insertion and removal process before investing in a reusable disc.

      Related: Can You Get A Pap Smear Or Pelvic Exam While Menstruating?

      Menstrual Cup vs. Disc: Which One Is Right For You?

      Ultimately, the decision between a menstrual cup and a disc is a personal one. It may take some trial and error to find the product that works best for your body and lifestyle. Don’t be discouraged if the first product you try doesn’t feel quite right – it’s common to try a few different options before finding your perfect fit.

      Remember, both menstrual cups and discs have a learning curve, and it can take a few cycles to become fully comfortable with the insertion and removal process. Be patient with yourself and don’t hesitate to reach out to a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or questions.

      Related: Can You Sleep With A Menstrual Cup In? A Comprehensive Guide

      Ending note

      Menstrual cups and discs are both excellent alternatives to traditional pads and tampons, offering a more sustainable, cost-effective, and potentially more comfortable solution for managing menstrual flow. By understanding the differences between these products and considering your individual needs and preferences, you can make an informed decision about which one is right for you.

      As a healthcare provider, my goal is to empower women to make the best choices for their menstrual health and well-being. Whether you choose a menstrual cup, disc, or another alternative product, know that you are making a positive step towards a more comfortable and eco-friendly period experience.


      1. Can I use a menstrual cup or disc if I have an IUD?

      Yes, both menstrual cups and discs can be used safely with an IUD. However, it’s essential to ensure that you break the suction seal on your cup before removing it and to be careful not to dislodge your IUD strings when inserting or removing your cup or disc. If you have any concerns, consult with your healthcare provider.

      2. How do I choose the right size menstrual cup or disc?

      Menstrual cup size is typically based on factors such as age, menstrual flow, and whether you have given birth vaginally. Most brands offer sizing guides to help you choose the right fit. Menstrual discs generally come in one size that fits most women, but some brands offer smaller sizes for those with a lower cervix or a narrower vaginal canal.

      3. Can I wear a menstrual cup or disc while swimming or exercising?

      Yes, both menstrual cups and discs can be worn during swimming and exercise. They provide a secure and leak-free option for managing your menstrual flow during physical activities.

      4. How often should I replace my menstrual cup or disc?

      Menstrual cups can last for several years with proper care and cleaning. Most brands recommend replacing your cup every 1-5 years, depending on the material and wear. Reusable menstrual discs typically last for up to 2 years, while disposable discs are single-use and should be discarded after each use.

      5. Can the use of a menstrual cup or disc cause toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?

      The risk of developing TSS while using a menstrual cup or disc is extremely low. To further reduce the risk, ensure that you wash your hands before inserting or removing your cup or disc, clean your product thoroughly between uses, and do not wear it for longer than the recommended time (usually 10-12 hours).


      WebMD(n.d) What Is Vaginal pH Balance? Available online at: https://www.webmd.com/women/what-is-vaginal-ph-balance

      NIH(n.d) Toxic Shock Syndrome Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459345/

      Sara Winslow

      Sara Winslow is a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist with over 15 years of experience in providing comprehensive women's healthcare services. She received her medical degree from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where she graduated with honors. Dr. Winslow completed her residency in obstetrics and gynecology at the prestigious Mayo Clinic, gaining extensive training in various aspects of women's health, including reproductive health, prenatal care, gynecological surgery, and menopause management.

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